zugzwang & approbation

zugzwang TSOOK-tsvahng noun

A position where one is forced to make an undesirable move.

From German Zugzwang, Zug (move) + Zwang (compulsion, obligation).

approbation ap-ruh-BAY-shuhn, noun:
1. The act of approving; formal or official approval.
2. Praise; commendation.

Approbation is from Latin approbatio, from approbare, “to approve or cause to be approved,” from ap- (for ad-), used intensively + probare, “to make or find good,” from probus, “good, excellent, fine.”

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